Chinese Ancient Armor (Ⅱ)

hanfu

The superior armor was forged by “steel smelting method” during Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties (220-581). With the rise of heavy-armored cavalry, cavalry was equipped with Liang Dang armor which was extremely popular and became the important type of armor.

hanfu

Liang Dang barde of Wei, Jin, Northern and Southern Dynasties (220-581)
Liang Dang brade was made of mental and leather used to protect people’s chest and back. There were long-strip-shaped and fish-scale-shapes plates. Small fish plated were easy for bending. Heavy clothes were worn inside of Liang Dang brade to prevent the skin from being abraded by metal plates.

During Sui and Tang Dynasties (581-907), Liang Dang armor was still prevalent. Its structure improved greatly. Armor was woven by small scales-shaped plates with the length extending to the abdomen to enhance the defense of the waist greatly. Ming Guang armor was also popular in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). Tough silk armor which was made of textile was commonly used. It’s light and pretty but lack of defense. It’s the military commander’s daily costume and it’s also used for ceremonial dress. In the prosperous Tang Dynasty (618-907), the nation was in peace and prosperity. Most military function and turned to the beautiful and luxuriant ceremonial costume. The armor was painted the color and even the patterns of ferocious beasts were embroidered on the lining of the coat armor.

 

hanfu

Tough silk armor of Tang Dynasty (618-907)
Tough silk armor of Tang Dynasty was made of tough silk protecting the body above knees. It could defense against the long-rang shooting but it couldn’t withstand the cold steel attack.

 

hanfu

Ming Guang armor of Tang Dynasty (618-907)
There were round-shaped protectors on the front and back of the armor. Round protectors were made of copper or iron. In the battlefield, the polished round protectors gave out “dazzling bright” under the sunshine, hence its name.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *